Economy of Resistance: Production and Job Creation
2017 22 October Fa

BP Authorized to Operate Rhum Gas Field with Iran

BP and Iran’s state-run oil company received a license from the US Treasury last year to operate their joint gas field in the North Sea following the lifting of international sanctions on Tehran, BP said on Thursday.

Production at the Rhum field was suspended in 2010 when Europe imposed sanctions on Iran over its nuclear program and only resumed four years later after Britain agreed to set up a temporary management scheme whereby all revenue due to Tehran would be held until sanctions were lifted, Reuters reported.

Following the removal of European Union and United Nations sanctions on Iran in January 2016, the temporary management scheme ceased.

Iran regained control of its stake and on Sept. 29, 2016 BP obtained a license from the US Treasury, through its sanctions enforcement arm – the Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC), to continue operations at the field, BP said in its 2016 annual report.

BP, which was founded more than a century ago as the Anglo-Persian oil company, has multiple business operations in the United States and therefore needs an OFAC license to avoid potential breaches of existing US sanctions.

Last year, BP created an executive committee to explore business in Iran, which would exclude its American chief executive Bob Dudley in a bid to avoid potential sanctions violations.

London-based BP recorded a net profit of $31.6 million in 2016 from its 50% stake in the field, which supplies around 4% of Britain’s gas demand.

“BP currently intends to continue to hold its ownership stake in the Rhum joint arrangement and act as operator,” it said in the annual report.

Trade Barriers

While international sanctions on Iran were removed more than a year ago, the United States has held separate measures in place and President Donald Trump’s administration has promised a tough line.

BP did not specify for how long the Rhum field license was valid.

Former US president Barack Obama tried to encourage non-US companies and non-US banks to increase trade with Iran, although Tehran said Washington did not do enough to ease its access to international financial markets and banks for vital capital after years of isolation.

Against this backdrop, BP has opted out of Iran’s new energy deals which are due to be tendered later this year. European majors, including Total, Shell and OMV, are vying for Iran’s energy deals.

However, The London-based company resumed oil trade with Iran after the lifting of sanctions, ordering its first cargo of condensate for loading between September and October, according to Bloomberg.

8 / 4 / 2017